D'ni (language)

From Guild of Archivists
(Redirected from OTS)

D'ni is the eponymous language and alphabet of the D'ni people. The language spoken on Terahnee was very similar.

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Symbols[edit | edit source]

The table below lists all letters in the D'ni alphabet, in the D'ni alphabetical order. You can copy letters from the "Letter" column to get the Latin character used in the official font.

D'ni letters and their Roman script equivalents
Letter Dnifont OTS NTS
v v v v
b b b b
t t t t
s s s s
S S sh š
j j j j
g g g g
y y y y
k k kh x
K K k k
a a ah a
I I ai/i/I á
f f f f
p p p p
i i i/ih i
E E ee í
e e e/eh e
A A ay/ai é
r r r r
m m m m
T T th/Th þ
d d dh/th ð
D D d d
h h h h
o o o/oh o
O O oy ó
c c ch ç
w w w w
u u uh/u u
U U oo ú
x x ts c
l l l l
å å a æ
z z z z
n n n n

The D'ni alphabet consists of 35 characters, compared to the 26 in the standard English alphabet. Unlike in English, each character corresponds to a single sound. Several characters are distinguished by the absence or presence of a dot: these are often pairs of a fricative and stop (e.g. f f and p p) or a single vowel and a diphthong (e.g. o o and O oy).

Fonts[edit | edit source]

Official D'ni font[edit | edit source]

Several years ago, Cyan put their official D'ni font up for download on their website commonly referred to as Dnifont. This font is much easier to use on the internet, as it lacks an apostrophe in the font name, and for quite some time, was freely available from Cyan's website, ensuring anyone could download and install it.

Unfortunately, an upgrade to Cyan's website removed the page storing the download, but it is available on the Guild of Archivists' font archive. Advancements in web technologies have also enabled the creation of a web font version, which eliminates the need for the font to be installed on individuals' computers and allows it to be viewed on mobile devices. The Archive uses this web font on this and other pages. You can use the font on your own site by following these instructions by community member OHB. If D'ni text on this site does not appear in the D'ni font, check to make sure that you are running the latest version of your chosen browser. If you are using ad blocking software, be sure that it is configured to allow custom fonts on this domain.

Fan-created fonts[edit | edit source]

In the years before Cyan released their official version of the font, several fans took it upon themselves to create unofficial versions for themselves and others to use. These fonts, as well as instructions for their use, can also be found on the Guild of Archivists' font archive and at the D'ni Linguistic Fellowship download page.

The "D'ni Script" font created by Tekis and Jehon may be particularly useful when browsing older community linguistic websites. Lauren Herda designed the Dunny Fonts collection of typefaces, designed as models for more diverse styles of the script.

Transliteration[edit | edit source]

Over the years, there have been several efforts to standardize the way in which D'ni is written in Roman characters. There are now essentially three standards in which D'ni is written, though telling them apart is often easy. Figuring out the original D'ni letters used, however, sometimes isn't.

Old Transliteration Standard[edit | edit source]

The OTS is something of a misnomer, as there is little standard to the way in which it handles some D'ni characters—especially vowels. Although this is the standard in which all D'ni words have been written by Cyan in the past, it is often not clear what characters make up the word in the actual D'ni alphabet. Depending on the word, the OTS uses multiple Roman letters for each D'ni letter. For example, "shorah" is actually sh|o|r|ah in D'ni, not s|h|o|r|a|h. The extra h's in the Romanization of the word are there as pronunciation guides, to ensure that the word is spoken properly when read aloud.

Other letters, such as the long "i", are sometimes written in capital letters, again to ensure that they are pronounced correctly. However, this often negatively impacts readability and generates confusion among some fans as to why letters in the middle of a word are capitalized.

To make matters more confusing, Cyan has a habit of dropping h's and other secondary letters from transliterated words if it improves their readability on the page. For instance, "Releeshahn" should actually be spelled "Rehleeshahn" if one were to strictly adhere to the "standard". For that matter, "D'ni" should actually be spelled "D'nee" as the last letter is a long E in D'ni, not an i.

It has generally been agreed upon that use of the OTS is acceptable for everyday conversation online, but should not be used when attempting to transliterate text that may need to be re-transliterated back into D'ni, as transliteration errors are likely to occur. Some individuals attempt to distinguish between separate D'ni letters using pipes ("|"), as used above, or by using brackets ("[]"), but this decreases legibility, is cumbersome to use at length, and still relies on the accurate and consistent use of secondary letters like H to properly identify particular characters.

New Transliteration Standard[edit | edit source]

The NTS was developed by the Guild of Linguists when it became apparent that the OTS was insufficient for use as a standard capable of handling the extended symbols in the D'ni alphabet. The NTS uses linguistic characters to standardize D'ni to Roman transliteration on a one-to-one basis. For instance, "shorah" is written as "šora" using NTS.

Unfortunately, NTS has not caught on outside of linguistic circles due to the difficulty involved in typing linguistic characters on most keyboards, the difficulty in ensuring that the characters are properly displayed on all computer screens—if a forum's encoding is incorrect, the letters will appear as anything from squares to question marks—and the increased difficulty for non-linguists in deciphering the pronunciation from the text alone.

Font Transliterations[edit | edit source]

With only a couple of minor exceptions, all of the D'ni fonts have nearly identical character mappings, making it possible to post D'ni text in Roman characters for others to paste into a word processor and convert directly to D'ni characters. This is not a commonly-used technique, as Roman font-mapped text can still be difficult to read and pronounce, but it does make it easier to convert back to D'ni. Cyan has actually done this in Uru, referring to the "Judges of Yahvo" in mixed form as the "regolantantEok Yahvo".

Mappings[edit | edit source]

A PDF document created by community member BladeLakem shows each D'ni letter alongside all of its various font and linguistic transliteration equivalents. This document is available on the Myst Embassy website.

The Under-ConScript Unicode Registry block E830-E88F was assigned to the D'ni alphabet; fonts are available at Unifoundry and KreativeKorp.

See also[edit | edit source]

D'ni numerals
D'ni grammar

External resources[edit | edit source]